InSpec Comprehensive Guide to Product Inspection

Guide: How to Choose the Right Product Inspection?

In today's competitive marketplace, ensuring product quality is more important than ever for Quality Control Professionals and Business Owners. This article aims to provide you with the necessary information to make better decisions when it comes to selecting an inspection service. 

Product inspections play a crucial role in reducing product returns due to defects or poor quality, which can significantly impact your bottom line. By choosing the right inspection service, you can effectively reduce return rates, maintain profitability, and ensure customer satisfaction. 

In this guide, we will explore various types of inspection services and offer insights into how to select the most suitable one for your business and products, so you can stay ahead of the competition and continue to thrive.


Understanding Product Quality Inspections 


What is Product Inspection?

A product inspection is a systematic process of examining and evaluating products to ensure they meet the required quality standards. It involves checking the products against a golden sample or predefined criteria such as design specification, materials, dimension, functionality, packaging and more. Product inspection can be conducted at various stages of the manufacturing processes. 
At Bureau Veritas, our inspection services are performed based on our best practices and decades of experience from assessing millions of products and factories, all carried out by our trained inspectors. All our inspection protocols are optimized to meet today’s challenging consumer requirements. 

The Main Objectives of Product Inspection

The main objectives of product inspection are to identify defects, non-conformities, or potential quality issues before the products reach customers. This helps main the reputation of the brand, reduce the risk of product returns or recalls, enhance customer satisfaction and eventually protect companies’ profitability. 


The Scope of Product Inspection

The scope and inspection are determined by the product types and mostly cover below elements:

  • Inspection conditions: product status, carton stacking, shipment quantity, etc.
  • Packaging and assortment: carton packing, product packing, and assortments such as color/styles/sizes.
  • Product conformity: Style, materials, colors.
  • Workmanship: appearance, basic functions, check by visual, hands, smell, and sound.
  • On-site test: barcode verification, measurements, weight, functionality, etc.
  • Shipping marks: printings, warming and symbols.
  • Labeling: labels, markings, etc.
  • Custom requirements: if you have specific requirements for your products, our support team will tailor the inspection checklist accordingly.¬†

These inspections can help identify potential issues early on, allowing manufacturers to rectify problems before they escalate, reducing risks, and ensuring customer satisfaction. 


Key Benefits of Product Inspection

  • Maintain product quality and consistency
  • Ensure compliance with industry standards and regulations
  • Mitigate risks and minimize product recalls
  • Protect your brand reputation
  • Enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty
  • Protect your profitability as the return rate is reduced
  • Improve supplier accountability and drive improvement. ¬†
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Product Categories

  • Softlines

    Customers‚Äô expectations are high in the softlines industry. Any quality issue, price discrepancy, or late delivery directly affects your business finances and reputation. Accelerated fashion seasons in the apparel and home textile industry create an urgency to quickly produce quality products that are compliant. With softlines, textile, footwear and accessories companies expanding into new global markets, they face an increasingly complex environment that challenges the turn-around of goods.

    We help you manage risk and achieve your goals of quality products being shipped in a timely manner. By combining quality assurance and quality control services at all stages of the product life cycle, Bureau Veritas can help protect your reputation and brand.

    Our inspectors and auditors have experience within the apparel, footwear and accessories marketplace allowing us to offer inspection and audit services worldwide for all kinds of softline products.

      • From supplier qualification through to final shipment; our specialists help you avoid supply chain disruptions allowing you to ship quality products on time.

      • Belts
      • Handbags
      • Laptop bags
      • Purses
      • At every stage of your supply chain we verify your product meets time to market demands, and satisfies consumer expectations.

      • Curtains
      • Cushions
      • Fabric
      • Linen
      • FOOTWEAR
      • Our product specialists partner you to make the right supplier choice and verify the quality and safety of your footwear before shipment.

      • Leather Shoes
      • Men, Women, Children and babies shoes
      • Synthetic shoes
      • Textiles shoes
      • GARMENTS
      • At every stage of your supply chain we verify your electrical goods meet time to market demands, and satisfy consumer expectations.

      • Activewear
      • Fashion wear
      • Jeans
      • Linen
      • Shirts
      • Sleepwear
      • Soft furnishings(cushions, curtains, and etc.)
      • Underwear
      • Jackets
      • Power Tools
      • Small Domestic Appliances
      • SMART WEAR
      • In today‚Äôs connected world, more and more softline product are integrating technology. As a global leader in both softlines and wireless, our BV Best Practice...

      • Connected Footwear
      • Intelligent Textiles

    Since hardlines encompasses an extensive array of products, ranging from furniture, jewelry, office and household goods, to candles and more - they often require a focused inspection and audit approach. Our BV Best Practice specifications have done the hard work for you. We have identified the necessary requirements for multiple global markets helping you with improved product quality, better branding and a reduction in customer complaints and returns due to poor quality.

      • INDOOR
      • At every stage of your supply chain we verify your product meets time to market demands, and satisfies consumer expectations.

      • Candles
      • Cookware
      • Craft & Decoration
      • Kitchenware
      • OFFICE
      • Our product specialists partner you to make the right supplier choice and verify the quality and safety of your furniture before shipment.

      • Cabinets
      • Chairs & Tables
      • Shelving
      • Stationery & Supplies
      • OUTDOOR
      • From supplier qualification through to final shipment; our specialists help you avoid supply chain disruptions allowing you to ship quality products on time.

      • Building Products
      • Camping Products
      • Patio Furniture
      • Tools
      • PERSONAL
      • Our quality management approach verifies that your personal goods meet best in class inspection requirements and satisfy the demands of your customers.

      • Luggage
      • Pet Care
      • Sporting Goods
      • Watches
  • TOYS

    Our quality assurance services for toy and juvenile products include both specialized services to meet specific needs and testing services to help assess if your product meets required governmental regulations and industry standards.

      • At every stage of your supply chain we verify your toys meet time to market demands, and satisfy consumer expectations.

      • Arts & Crafts
      • Balls
      • Construction Toys
      • Musical Toys
      • Fancy Dress
      • Kids Jewelry
      • Kids Kitchenware
      • Kids Make-up products
      • Metal Toys
      • Plastic Toys
      • Plush Toys
      • Science Sets
      • Seasonal Novelties
      • Our product specialists partner you to make the right supplier choice and verify the quality and safety of your electrical toy before shipment..

      • From supplier qualification through to final shipment; our specialists help you avoid supply chain disruptions allowing you to ship quality products on time.

      • Baby Furnishings
      • Bedding
      • Safety/Security
      • Transportation
      • Our quality management approach verifies that your connected toys meet best in class inspection requirements and satisfy the demands of your customers.

      • Drones
      • Internet Connected
      • Quadcopters
      • Robots

    The electrical and electronics industries face a number of challenges preparing their products for the marketplace. Identifying and conforming to global requirements in a changing regulatory environment, optimizing product development, assessing suppliers and auditing their factories, and monitoring quality throughout the supply chain. Added to these are rising concerns that it is the producer’s responsibility to see a product through to the end of its useful life. Bureau Veritas has the comprehensive capabilities to partner with you in solving these issues.

      • Our product specialists partner you to make the right supplier choice and verify the quality and safety of your consumer electronics shipment.

      • Audio/Video
      • IT Equipment
      • Telecommunications
      • Battery Operated Electronic Items
      • At every stage of your supply chain we verify your electrical goods meet time to market demands, and satisfy consumer expectations.

      • Large Domestic Appliances
      • Lighting Chains
      • Power Tools
      • Small Domestic Appliances
      • Generator Driven Appliances
      • SMART HOME
      • Our quality management approach verifies that your personal goods meet best in class inspection requirements and satisfy the demands of your customers.

      • Entertainment
      • Heating
      • Lighting
      • Security
      • Video Consoles
      • Our product specialists partner you to make the right supplier choice and verify the quality and safety of your telecommunications products before shipment.

      • Feature Phones
      • Routers
      • Smart Phones
      • Tablets

Deep Dive into Different Product Inspection Services


Initial Production Inspection

An Initial Production Inspection (or Initial Production Check) is performed at the beginning of mass production. It ensures the initial production process has been maintained and the products being produced continue to meet quality requirements, especially in the case of new raw materials, new operators, production lines, or specification changes.


Benefits of Initial Production Check

  • Verifying quality at an early stage
  • Ensure quality conformity and consistency
  • Minimize risks of wasted time, scrap product, rework, and shipping delays that may occur at the later production stage.


During Production Inspection

A During Production Inspection (DUPRO) is conducted while the product is being manufactured, usually when 40-60% of the production is complete. This inspection evaluates the quality of the products being produced in the middle stage of the production process.


Benefits of During Production Inspection

  • Ongoing monitoring of product quality in the production processes¬†
  • Timely detection of issues, allowing for immediate corrective action
  • Minimizes production delays


Pre-shipment Inspection

A pre-shipment inspection (known as Final Random Inspection) is performed when production is completed and most of the products are packed for shipment. The primary purpose of a PSI is to verify that the final products meet the required order quantities, quality standards, and specifications (i.e. color, workmanship, label, function, fit, packaging of the products, etc.) through workmanship inspection and on-site test. Pre-shipment Inspection is the most popular type of inspection service for businesses worldwide.


Benefits of Pre-shipment Inspection

  • Provide visibility of the shipment quality, to support clients in making informed decisions about whether to accept the shipment.
  • To catch shipment quality issues before shipping. It helps to build confidence in shipment quality for clients and reduces the cost of failure in a later stage. Also, avoid disputes between clients and suppliers.
  • Use the inspection report to communicate with suppliers and drive factory quality improvement, especially when there‚Äôs a dispute about fabric quality between garment manufacturers and fabric suppliers on quality.


Container Loading Supervision

A Container Loading Supervision is conducted during the container loading process of products. This inspection ensures that the correct products and correct quality are loaded and that the products are properly loaded in containers with optimal conditions.


Benefits of Container Loading Supervision

  • Verification of product quantity, packaging, and container condition
  • To reduce the risk of tampering, theft, and substation to the products exported and imported, and avoid disputes on quantity and product integrity.
  • Reduces the risk of product damage during transportation because of container conditions e.g. issues such as water leakage, and mold.


Full Inspection

Full Inspection (known as 100% inspection, or piece-by-piece inspection) is a unique quality control method that helps ensure each product’s quality before shipping by checking every single product, instead of using AQL for a random sampling check. Generally, Full Inspection focus on the workmanship and basic function of the products. Bureau Veritas can also perform an on-site test according to the customer’s requirement.


Benefits of Full inspection

  • Full Inspection is likely to significantly reduce the product return rate as every product is inspected by our inspectors. If you are selling high-value and delicate products or each product return can impact your profits, Full Inspection is a good option to help you mitigate the risk.
  • If you are ordering a small quality product from China to test your product idea, the cost of full Inspection is reasonable and helps you ensure the quality of every single product. With better product quality, you can assure you can validate your product idea fairly.
  • You have a better understanding of the capability of your supplier for your product production and whether you can work with them in the long run.
  • You can potentially increase customer satisfaction, reduce product returns and protect your profitability.

Comparing Inspection Types

inspection services in manufacturing process

Inspection services Focus Area When to conduct Is it available on InSpec?
Initial Production Inspection Product quality during the initial product stage. At the beginning of production. Yes
During Production Check Product quality during production processes. When 40%-60% of production is completed. Yes
Pre-shipment Inspection Final product quality, packaging, quantities. When production is completed and at least 80% of products are packed. Yes
Container Loading Supervision Correct product, quality, and optimal container condition. During container loading at the factory/warehouse Yes
Full Inspection Check every single product and focus on workmanship and basic functions. Usually at the end of the production before shipment Yes

In addition to the inspections that we just mentioned, at Bureau Veritas, we also provide upstream inspection services such as comprehensive inspection, fabric inspection to our clients, and more. If you are interested in upstream quality control services, please feel free to contact us.

Remote Inspection is available for Initial Product Inspection, During Production Inspection and Pre-shipment Inspection.



Choosing the Right Inspection Type for Your Business: Key Consideration Factors

When selecting the appropriate inspection type for your business, it's essential to consider various dimensions of risk associated with your products. These dimensions help determine the overall risk level of your products, enabling you to identify the most suitable inspection services for your specific needs.

1.    Level of risk associated with your product: 

In this article, we classified products into three risk categories: low, medium, and high. The level of risk associated with a product is determined by factors such as safety hazards, regulatory compliance, complexity, customer expectations, and more. Below is an overview of each risk category and recommended approaches to product quality inspections based on the risk level.

Dimensions to Consider for Risk Level Identification of Your Product:

  • Safety and hazards: Assess the potential safety risks and hazards associated with your products, including physical, chemical, and mechanical dangers.

  • Applicable consumer segments: Consider the target audience for your products, such as babies, children, or adults. For example, products for babies require more stringent quality control measures most of the time.

  • Style complexity: Evaluate the complexity of your product design, such as embroidery or decorative elements, which may affect the risk level.

  • Production process technology: Take into account the manufacturing techniques and technologies used for your products, such as fabric dyeing methods.

  • Materials: Assess the cost, chemical risk, sensitivity, and special functions (e.g., waterproof coating) of the materials used in your products.

  • Regulatory compliance: Consider the compliance requirements for your products, including safety regulations (e.g., EN71), labeling compliance, product compliance (e.g., cell battery labeling/marking), and material compliance (e.g., ROHS, CA65, REACH).

  • High-value products: Identify products with special brand, design, or collaboration significance that may require additional quality control measures.

  • On-time delivery requirements: Evaluate the importance of timely delivery for your products and whether there is a buffer time for rework after inspection.


Here are few examples:

Low-Risk Products

Low-risk products: These products generally have lower safety risks, less complexity, and fewer regulatory requirements. Examples include basic home textiles like curtains and rugs, most Softline accessories like scarves, belts, wallets, and hats, and seasonal decorations like simple Christmas decorations and products.


Inspection approach for low-risk products:
  • Focus on pre-shipment inspection to ensure product quality, quantity, and packaging.
  • Depending on the manufacturer's reputation and performance history, you may also consider occasional during-production inspection to monitor production processes and product quality.


Medium-Risk Products

These products have moderate safety risks, complexity, and regulatory requirements. For example, adult apparel (coats, jackets), umbrellas, backpacks, and luggage.


Inspection approach for medium-risk products:
  • Implement inspection across different production stages with Initial Production Check, During Production Check, and Pre-shipment inspection to ensure comprehensive quality control.
  • Conduct regular factory audits to assess the manufacturer's capabilities, quality control systems, and compliance with industry standards and regulations.


High-Risk Products

High-risk products These products have the highest safety risks, complexity, regulatory requirements., and customer expectations. For example, baby wear, suits, toys, baby cots/cribs, high-value items like luxury apparel, and products with strict safety regulations like electronics and appliances.


Inspection approach for high-risk products:
  • Employ a robust inspection strategy that includes Initial Production Check, During Production Inspection, and Pre-shipment inspection to ensure comprehensive quality control throughout the production process.
  • Conduct thorough factory audits, including quality management system (QMS) audits to ensure the manufacturer's adherence to industry standards, regulations, and best manufacturing practices.


By identifying the risk level associated with your product and tailoring your inspection approach accordingly, you can effectively mitigate risks, maintain product quality, and ensure customer satisfaction.

If you are new to inspection and quality control, please feel free to contact us as our team will support you to identify the risk level of your product. Leave us a message here.


2.    Manufacturer's reputation and performance history

After assessing the risk level of your products, you should evaluate the manufacturer's past performance, reliability, and quality control systems. If the manufacturer has a proven track record of delivering high-quality products, you may choose to focus on critical inspection stages, such as pre-shipment inspection. Conversely, if you are working with a new or poorly performing manufacturer, consider implementing multiple inspection stages to ensure comprehensive quality control.


3.    Factory visit opportunities

If you have the ability to visit the factory personally or send a representative, take advantage of the opportunity to assess the production processes, quality control systems, and working conditions firsthand. This can help you gain a better understanding of the manufacturer's capabilities and identify potential areas of concern. 


If you are not able to make it, we provide a wide range of factory assessment services. It evaluates the production capability and performance of a factory against proven quality principles. 

The core areas and processes addressed by a factory assessment include: 

  • Quality Management System
  • Good Manufacturing Practice (Factory Environment Standards)¬†
  • Product Control
  • Process Control
  • Personnel

The result of the audits indicates the factory’s ability to deliver consistent quality management over time and help you make informed decision on supplier selection and improving quality management.


4.    Cost of inspections

Balance the cost of inspections against the potential cost of product recalls, returns, and damage to your brand reputation. While inspections may incur additional costs, they can help prevent more significant expenses and protect your business's reputation in the long run. In a recent blog post, we also study how product inspection can help you maintain your profitability.

By considering these factors and selecting the most suitable product quality inspection type for your business, you can ensure that your products meet the highest quality standards, enhancing customer satisfaction and protecting your brand reputation.

At Bureau Veritas, Product Inspection starts from $288 USD. You get world-class inspection service delivery from our team around the global to ensure your products meet the quality requirements.


Book Production Inspection fast and easy with InSpec by Bureau Veritas

InSpec by BV is the go-to digital solution for product inspection, trusted by top brands and retailers. You can easily book product inspection online for your products and get world-class support from our team to ensure your inspection program is a success.



The benefits of using InSpec by BV:

  • Global service coverage and customer support
    Get world-class support from our on-the-ground global service team with over 1200 fully qualified specialists in over 85 countries across 5 continents.
  • World-leading expertise in quality control and quality assurance
    Get support from our world-leading expertise and decades of experience assessing millions of products and factories for top brands and retailers worldwide.
  • Fast service delivery and reliability
    Our inspection specialists can visit your factory the next working day in most Asian countries. You can get your inspection report on the same day of the inspection. It also allows you to cancel booking up to the day before the inspection.
  • Easy-to-use digital platform
    Book your inspection and audit services online in just a few steps. Manage all your bookings and reports in one place.
  • Real-time quotation
    View the inspection quotation online with no hidden cost.

Please feel free to contact us if you need support.

InSpec By
Bureau Veritas


Bureau Veritas is a world-leading concept-to-consumer supply chain solutions partner working with organizations throughout the supply chain, With well in excess of 100 offices and laboratories spread around the world we are proud to be the quality managers for many of the world’s leading brands, retailers and their supply chains.

Inspec is an online booking platform to improve your product quality and reduce returns with systematic inspection and audits, You will experience a fast, easy-to-use booking flow for your product inspection services, and you can book one of our next available product specialists to be at your factory for service as quickly as the next day.

Why bureau Veritas

Why Bureau Veritas?

Bureau Veritas is a world leader in laboratory testing, inspection and certification services. Created in 1828, the Group has more than 80,000 employees located in more than 1,600 offices and laboratories around the globe.

As one of the world's leading third-party inspection companies, our inspection team all undergo rigorous technical qualification and integrity training before performing any type of inspection. We offer standard and tailor-made quality control inspection for a wide array of softline and hardline products.

Bureau Veritas helps its clients improve their performance by offering services and innovative solutions in order to ensure that their assets, products, infrastructure and processes meet standards and regulations in terms of quality, health and safety, environmental protection and social responsibility.

Global footprint and local expertise

Bureau Veritas carries out over 400,000 inspections and audits every year. We have over 1200 fully qualified inspectors across 85 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, North and South America.

Product expertise

Your product quality inspection is conducted with BV’s inspection protocols which are based on our standard practices and decades of experience from assessing millions of factories and products. All our protocols are optimized to meet today’s requirements.

Ethic & independent quality control

As the world leader in testing, inspection and certification services, we put ethics and integrity at the very top of our priority list. Our Code of Ethics ensures our staff members maintain integrity, professional competence, confidentiality, professional behavior, and high ethical standards in their day-to-day business activities.